SETTLER COLONIALISM, SLAVERY, AND THE PROBLEM OF DECOLONIZING MUSEUMS
A hybrid international conference organized by the Center for Experimental Ethnography and hosted by the Penn Museum, 20-23 October 2021
Over the past several decades scholars and practitioners have critically reconsidered the role of ethnographic museums in the development and representation of knowledge about people and processes throughout the world. Persistent questions have emerged again and again: What are the relationships between colonialism and collection? What issues of accountability surround contemporary knowledge production and representation? How do we think through the challenges of repatriation? And what might repair look like? These are not new questions, and they have been asked not only within museum settings, but also across the discipline of anthropology as a whole for the past thirty years. Yet as museums attempt to reevaluate their practices of collecting, exhibiting, and repatriating, we must still confront – and determine a new relationship to – the legacies of Enlightenment-based scientific humanism and its imperial underpinnings.
This conference builds on some of the issues being raised within European and South African contexts, while also thinking through the particularities of the view from the United States. Drawing from the insights and experiences of scholars, museum practitioners, and educators, we seek to join the conversations related to settler colonialism to those related to slavery and imperialism. We also seek to chart a terrain that emphasizes multi-vocality and multi-modality, and that imagines the kinds of collaboration that might be possible between European, North American, South African, and other stakeholders. Finally, we want to elaborate new forms of relationship museums might have to their audiences.
The conference will open on Wednesday, 20 October and will run through Saturday. On Wednesday, we will start with synchronous virtual welcomes from Christopher Woods (Director, Penn Museum) and Deborah Thomas (Director, Center for Experimental Ethnography). These will be followed by our keynote speaker, Laura Van Broekhoven (Director, Pitt Rivers Museum). Panelist presentations will be pre-recorded (15-20 minutes) and posted to our website, and each of the remaining days we will convene for a synchronous moderated discussion and Q&A (at noon, EST). Each evening, we will also offer live events specific to the Penn and Philadelphia museum community, and these will also be streamed.
Wednesday, 20 October, 2021
12-2:00 pm Welcome with Christopher Woods (Director, Penn Museum) and Deborah Thomas (Director, Center for Experimental Ethnography)
Keynote: Laura Van Broekhoven, Director (Pitt Rivers Museum)
5-6:30 pm Discussion, The African Burial Ground: Lessons for the Morton Crania Collection
Christopher Woods (Director, Penn Museum) in conversation with Michael Blakey (William & Mary), Rachel Watkins (American University), Carina De La Cova (University of South Carolina ), Joseph Jones (William & Mary)
Thursday, 21 October, 2021
12-1:30 pm Panel I Discussion and Q&A, Moderated by Kathleen Brown (U Penn)
What is the place of the U.S. in relation to global imperialism? In what ways have the dual histories of settler colonialism and slavery influenced collection and exhibition practices? What are the implications for the ways we think about and enact forms of decolonization and reparation?
Ciraj Rassool (University of the Western Cape, Iziko Museums of Cape Town)
Pamela Geller (U-Miami)
Monique Scott (Bryn Mawr)
Jenny Davis (U-Illinois)
5-6:30 pm: Discussion, What Should the 21st Century Museum Be?
(TBD, Moderated by Critical Museum Studies Graduate Student Working Group)
Friday, 22 October, 2021
12-1:30 pm Panel II Discussion and Q&A, Moderated by Gwen Gordon (U Penn)
How has NAGPRA legislation impacted the development of legal processes for repatriation and other forms of reparation? In what ways might we think about moving beyond NAGPRA? In what ways must North American museum practitioners also grapple with questions of empire and slavery in thinking about meaningful processes of repair?
Jane Anderson (New York University)
Wayne Modest (Research Center for Material Culture, Museum Volkenkunde)
Ann Kakaliouras (Whittier College)
Rachel Watkins (American University)
5-6:30 pm Performance, Africa Gallery
Saturday, 23 October, 2021
12-1:30 pm Roundtable Discussion and Q&A, Moderated by Margaret Bruchac (U Penn)
In what ways have processes of decolonization, indigenization, and anti-racism been successfully implemented, and how might we build on these?
Stephanie Cunningham (Co-Founder of Museum Hue)
Ryan Rice (OCAD)
Alaka Wali (The Field Museum)
Lucy Fowler-Williams (Penn Museum)
Ingrid Masondo (South African National Gallery)
2-3:00 pm Discussion of Films, Moderated by Penn & Slavery Project Students
Dominique Santos (University of the Free State) featuring Unfixing the Museum
Matthias DeGroof (University of Antwerp) featuring Palimpsest of the Africa Museum
3:00 pm Closing Remarks by Deborah Thomas (Director, Center for Experimental Ethnography)